~ France ~
The Franco-Panamanian relations began during early times of the Panama Canal (around the 1880's), which originally was a French project resulting in failure - this caused many scandals involving the economy in France. Even while they were unsuccessful, the influence France left is very large, including cuisine and architectural styles. France helped with the Noriega conflict where the awful military general served a long time in French prisons after he did so in American jails. Panama is one of France's major trade partners in Latin America. It has been staying casual for a while now.
~ Italy ~
Through Argentina, Italian influence has grown very high in Panama. Similarities exist such as the fact that both Italians and Panamanians 'talk with their hands', which many believe is a Panamanian aspect which originated from the Panamanian-Italians. Italy and Panama were at war during the World Wars because they stand on different sides (Allies vs. Axis) yet there was nearly no real front-combat. New locks which are being imported for the expansion of the Panama Canal are from Italy and Italy supports Panama as a growing nation.
~ Netherlands ~
~ Spain ~
Panama was a Spanish colony for and was actually the first colony in Central America to leave Spain, one year before the Central revolution where Central America (minus Panama, who had succeeded earlier) joined the Mexican Empire. Spaniards wiped out nearly all of Panama's pre-colonial history. One of the tragedies about Panama is that there is no known native history. Spain only began to focus on defending Panama after the re-build of Panama City after its burn-down due to a pirate raid. Spain did value Panama's geographical position (it being an important part of the Spanish Empire's development), Panama was a decently wealthy colony and holds its Spanish influence.
~ United Kingdom of Great Britain ~
Anglo-Panamanian relations are old, considering the English-Spanish wars costantly fought in Colonial times. In early times, Scotland wanted to colonize the lands where Panama currently stands. English pirates did constant raids back when Panama was a giant crossroad in the Spanish importing of riches and gold found from the Inca Empire. She has especially bad memory of Henry Morgan which ended up in a complete burn of Panama City. While that is there, their relations now a days healed alright and they work at good relations yet the views are staying neutral.
~ China ~
While China uses the Panama Canal often (2nd largest canal user in the world), many Panama offers for trade agreements have been declined by China over and over again due to Panama's friendship with Taiwan. China refused to recognize Panama as a country in early times after her independence. Constant (yet still very mild) disputes occur due to their ally-preferences. Even so, they have been growing to gain more abilities to trade and stay as positive as it gets. Panama kept its relations with Taiwan over relations with China.
~ Israel ~
- Panama was one of the first countries to recognize Israel's independence. Since then, Panama has consistently voted with Israel, including voting against Palestinian Statehood. Panama’s Jewish community has also evolved and grown - As of 2010, the number was closer to “about 8,000,”. Jews are one of the highest ethnicities (while there are so many) in Panama and most of the time end up being wealthy business-owners. Their future seems even brighter than it is now.
~ Taiwan ~
- While Panama had never had a sturdy friendship with Asia (mainly China, regardless of their big trade interaction they just don't get along), Taiwan had been an ally and supporter of Panama from the early 1900's. Panama recognized the independence of Taiwan, Their relationship is similar to the situation with Costa Rica, minus the border. It's not a world-changing history however their constant support makes it important. Taiwan is Panama's 2nd largest trade partner.