The US was convinced to take on the project of The Panama Canal in 1902. The next year, US and Colombia were moved to sign a treaty to allow the construction of the Canal. America quickly decided in favor, but the treaty was turned down but the Colombian Congress (who didn’t want the canal to be constructed as they were afraid of losing sovereignty over Panama. Colombian internal conflicts –Thousand Days War- were also factors that drove Colombia away from the proposal in fear of a second failure which they could not afford at the state), despite wishes to continue the operation that Panama had for itself. That led to America now supporting the sparest movement from Colombia. US warships blocked sea lanes for possible Colombian troop movements in route to put down the rebellion. Panama declared independence the next day, November 3, 1903. With backing of the US, Panama gained independence and was first recognized as The Republic of Panama. That also gave American access to the Canal Zone so that the construction could begin.
Starting in 1904 and finishing in 1914, the Canal was built, still leaving the Canal Zone in America’s control. Later on, the Torrijos–Carter Treaties that were signed between the United States and Panama in 1977. The treaties guaranteed that from then on, the canal would be under a joined government of US and Panama, and afterwards, Panama would gain control of the Panama Canal after 1999, ending the control of the canal that the US had. Panama indeed did gain sovereignty over the Canal when promised. The treaties also ensured the constant protect of the US for Panama and it’s Canal.
Here is a cool video on how construction was; www.youtube.com/watch?v=IOTA-S…
It's where I got "Against all odds" from
This is already where America gets a hold of the canal.
You see, Panama's biological diversity was so intense that is what killed so many of the French and made them abandon the project with insanely unsuccessful results. They only stuck to the idea of having a sea-level canal. Guess what the Panama canal actually is now? A canal with locks. It raises over 25 meters to move ships above mountains! By the time the French failed they lost a lot of lives to yellow fever (it's called "yellow jack" in panama, disease, of course) they also went bankrupt and the government fell.
That's why France in this picture has a yellow handkerchief. It shows that he's sick, and its yellow since that was their problem asides the fact that there was a river which flooded them over and over during rainy season.
Once America got the canal to continue building, they also started dying really fast due to yellow fever. Then- American approach was pure genius, actually. They rid the whole jungles of yellow fever completely when they took a break from the construction to sterilize Panama. They did that by ridding it of mosquitoes. That's why they both look rather confident here. Panama finally flourished with industrialization, there were cities and comfortable houses being built in areas where people couldn't live before. A lot of the Americans and many soldiers (this was actually an army effort, yes) settled there in Panama with their wives (I think especially Cristóbal but I am not sure ?? There was a city that developed during the American time of the canal and it was one of the biggest cities or something like that of that time's modern age). The Americans saved them from all those natural jungle diseases. Malaria and other problems also got significantly smaller after they wiped out the mosquito population which was carrying the diseases. Americans were considered heroes because of it //ming lol
This is a very very good short BBC movie about Panama canal construction (people view): www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uPCQy…
It talks a lot about details and such I am really lazy to type right now orz
The only fact wrong in the movie is that they called Panama an earthquake hotspot when its not. One of Panama's wonders is that it has an intense lack of any natural disasters like earthquakes and herricanes. They are usually really small, earthquakes only happen in the Chiriqui province.
I'd also like to add that they're dressed as workers. Panama is a canal nurse www-tc.pbs.org/wgbh/americanex… , then America and France are dressed in the worker attire. Yes, the workers wore white shirts. The clothing was light, it needed to be able to stand the 120 F degree weather.
Alfred's hair is slicked back because lmao thats the early 1900's nobody wore their hair like alfred's normal cut then (? plus i love drawing him in moved-back hair omg. And Maria's is pulled up again because of comfort + time era reasons.
America's red handkerchief also represents the motivation of the Americans through Teddy Roosevelt (because he liked handkerchiefs?? understandhistorynow.files.wor… ). He was an very popular US president, he took over this project. He also visited Panama in 1906 during construction to give even more motivation during a speech in bad weather (he did so in the rain to see what the workers were going through) and it was the first time a US president ever left the country while still in office. Teddy believed Panama was their key to America's future as a world power. And he was right, that is what gave them such an upper-hand navy.
The Panama Canal is the largest engineering project ever undertaken, and its America's key to a dominating navy, good imports and exports, and it made him a world power. You're welcome Alfred Jones jfc.
It's also getting an expansion right now in modern day ahh they keep on making wondrous history together
Ugh I love canal history <3
Doodle/Panama © Me
America/France/Hetalia © Himaruya Hidekaz